What Does Oligarchy Mean?

What does the word democracy?

The word ‘democracy’ has its origins in the Greek language.

It combines two shorter words: ‘demos’ meaning whole citizen living within a particular city-state and ‘kratos’ meaning power or rule.

A belief in shared power: based on a suspicion of concentrated power (whether by individuals, groups or governments)..

What is an accurate description of a republic?

In a republic, each representative is elected to office by the citizens, yet in a direct democracy every citizen votes directly on proposed legislation. Totalitarianism is best characterized by — government control over all aspects of people’s lives.

What are the 2 main types of autocracy?

An autocracy is a government in which one person has all the power. There are two main types of autocracy: a monarchy and a dictatorship. In a monarchy, a king or queen rules the country. The king or queen is known as a monarch.

What is a sentence for oligarchy?

Oligarchy sentence examples. This governing oligarchy was known as ” the patricians.” In the rest of the Midlands and in East Anglia they were only a governing oligarchy of scanty numbers. The regal government was at a later time exchanged for an oligarchy or a democracy.

What is oligarchy in simple terms?

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Oligarchy is a form of government. In an oligarchic system, all the power is held by a small group of people. It is usually the most powerful people who govern the state.

What are the two types of oligarchies?

What are two types of oligarchies? national and state.

What is the opposite of oligarchy?

Opposite of a government in which a single ruler (a tyrant) has absolute power. democracy. liberality. ease.

What exactly is an oligarch?

More generally, an oligarch is a “member of an oligarchy; a person who is part of a small group holding power in a state”. Aristotle gave the concept of oligarchy some negative connotations, but the term does not necessarily imply wealth.

What is the best definition of an oligarchy?

Oligarchy (from Greek ὀλιγαρχία (oligarkhía); from ὀλίγος (olígos) ‘few’, and ἄρχω (arkho) ‘to rule or to command’) is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people. These people may be distinguished by nobility, wealth, education, corporate, religious, political, or military control.

Is the United States a plutocracy?

According to Kevin Phillips, author and political strategist to Richard Nixon, the United States is a plutocracy in which there is a “fusion of money and government.”

Is communism an autocracy or oligarchy?

Sometimes, the term communism is used to describe an autocratic (one person) government, run by the Communist Party, which also has complete control of the economy.

Is an oligarchy like a dictatorship?

An oligarchy can also mean that a few people control the country. For example, a junta is a small group of people—usually military officers—who rule a country after taking it over by force. A junta often operates much like a dictatorship, except that several people share power.

What is another word for oligarchy?

In this page you can discover 18 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for oligarchy, like: diarchy, duumvirate, theocracy, thearchy, triarchy, duarchy, triumvirate, regency, gerontocracy, aristocracy and government.

What is an accurate description of oligarchy?

Option B must be correct…as Oligarchy (from Greek ὀλιγαρχία (oligarkhía); from ὀλίγος (olígos), meaning “few”, and ἄρχω (arkho), meaning “to rule or to command”) is a form of power structure in which power effectively rests with a small number of people.

What are the advantages of an oligarchy?

List of the 5 Pros of an OligarchyIt consolidates power with those who have expertise. … It reduces societal pressures. … It encourages creative endeavors. … It encourages a conservative approach. … It still allows anyone to join. … It encourages income inequality. … It inhibits growth over time. … It can disrupt the economy.More items…•

How is the leader chosen in an oligarchy?

The leaders of an oligarchy typically are not chosen as one would be in a democracy or a republic, rather they come from a position of wealth and…

What is an oligarchy quizlet?

oligarchy means “rule by the few” 2. few people hold all the power based on military strength, family power, or religious force. 3. Oligarchies can often come from or lead to other forms of government like monarchies and dictatorships.

What is the root word of oligarchy?

The word oligarch has Greek roots, and comes from oligoi for “few” and arkhein “to rule.” When a country is ruled by an oligarchy, power isn’t in the hands of one person (like a monarchy) or the people (like a democracy) but a small group of people. An oligarch can be a member of the nobility or a wealthy person.

What type of government is a oligarchy?

Oligarchy, meaning “rule of the few”, is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people. These people might be distinguished by nobility, wealth, family ties, education or corporate, religious or military control.

Is the US a direct democracy?

The United States is a representative democracy. This means that our government is elected by citizens. Here, citizens vote for their government officials.