Question: What Does A Layer 2 Switch Do?

What is a Layer 2 device?

A Layer 2 switch is a device that operates according to the Layer 2 data communications protocol.

A Layer 2 device decides how to forward data based on the MAC address.

Ethernet hubs and network switches work at the data link layer, with a switch delivering greater performance than a hub..

CAN Layer 2 switch do routing?

– A Layer 2 switch can only switch packets from one port to another, where as a Layer 3 switch is capable of both switching as well as routing. Well, routing is not possible in Layer 2 switching, which means devices can communicate within the same network.

Can a switch route between VLANs?

7 Answers. L2 switches cannot do Inter-VLAN routing, since they only take care of L2 network stuff, that is, forward frames between links. If it is a L3 switch, then it can do IP protocol routing between VLANs. VLANs are used to create different subnets which means different broadcast domains.

CAN Layer 2 switches do VLANs?

You can configure one or more VLANs to perform Layer 2 bridging. Thus, MX Series routers or EX Series switches can function as Layer 2 switches, each with multiple bridging, or broadcast, domains that participate in the same Layer 2 network. You can also configure Layer 3 routing support for a VLAN.

Is a Layer 3 switch a router?

A Layer 3 switch is both a Switch and a Router. We can call it a router with multiple Ethernet ports and has a switching functionality. … Layer 3 switches thus separate ports into virtual LANs (VLANs) and perform the routing between them in addition to supporting routing protocols such as RIP, OSPF and EIGRP.

How do I know if my switch is layer 2 or 3?

These switches will move traffic to specific ports based on source and destination MAC addresses (link layer). When switches allow for IP-based routing, VLANs, etc, they have layer 3 capabilities, e.g. routing. Almost all “smart” switches and all “managed” switches are layer 3. All “unmanaged” switches are layer 2.

Can a layer 3 switch Do DHCP?

Scenario: A large Layer 3 network may consist of quite a few IP subnets. Now, in order to make clients on the network easier to configure, they can be set to use DHCP or ‘obtain an IP address automatically’ from a DHCP server. For this type of configuration, the DHCP Relay function on the switch can be used.

What is the difference between a Layer 2 and 3 switch?

A Layer 2 switch only works with MAC addresses and doesn’t interact with any higher layer addresses, such as an IP. A Layer 3 switch, on the other hand, can also do static routing and dynamic routing, which includes IP and virtual local area network (VLAN) communications.

Is VLAN a Layer 2?

A virtual LAN (VLAN) is any broadcast domain that is partitioned and isolated in a computer network at the data link layer (OSI layer 2). LAN is the abbreviation for local area network and in this context virtual refers to a physical object recreated and altered by additional logic.

What is a layer 7 switch?

A Layer 7 switch is a network device that is integrated with routing and switching capabilities. It can pass traffic and make forwarding and routing decisions at Layer 2 speed, but uses information from Layer 7 or application layer.

What is the difference between layer 1 and layer 2?

LAYER 1 – The physical layer in the wired world consist of connectors, cables, fiber, and gbics. This is also the layer where data gets transmitted / received into bits, 0’s and 1’s using complex coding and modulations. LAYER 2 – The data layer is where upper layer information (Layers 3-7) is encapsulated into a frame.

What is a Layer 3 VLAN?

In an interview I have been asked “What is Layer 2 and Layer 3 VLAN “. I answered them, Layer 2 VLAN is a single broadcast domain. It works on layer 2 (Datalink Layer). They can communicate only within it. And L3 VLAN is an Interface, that works on Network Layer.

What does a Layer 3 switch do?

Simply put, a layer 3 switch combines the functionality of a switch and a router. It acts as a switch to connect devices that are on the same subnet or virtual LAN at lightning speeds and has IP routing intelligence built into it to double up as a router.

What layer is MPLS?

layer 2.5MPLS is considered a layer 2.5 networking protocol. Layer 2 carries IP packets over simple LANs or point-to-point WANs, while layer 3 uses internet-wide addressing and routing using IP protocols. MPLS sits in between, with additional features for data transport across the network.